Friday, June 7, 2019
OsloÃ¢â¬â¢s Important Person Essay Example for Free
Oslos Important Person EssayMost of the world greatest and famous people who take up had a role to play in the shaping of history have had certain things associated with them. In Oslo there ar three important articles that are displayed that has been an important part in the History of Oslo. Of these is Fram, the ship that brought the famous Norse Fridtjof Nansen to the seas of the Atlantic. Nansen is considered a famous Norwegian who was a brilliant statesman, a courageous improver and an adventurous explorer who sought the betterment of mankind. Nansen was born in Store-Froen, near Oslo, on October 10, 1861.He attended a pre-college school in Oslo, and in 1880, he was admitted to the University of Oslo. Nansen loved the outdoors and he chose to study zoology with the expectation that it will enable him to enjoy the outdoor life. In 1882, Nansen decided to join a sweep to Greenland waters. While in the Greenland waters, Nansen was attracted to the mighty ice cap of the is land and an idea struck him that he can cross it starting not from the well-traveled west coast, but from the atomic number 99 coast. Nansen and so led an expedition to try his idea.In August 15, 1888 he and his six and bunchs left Oslo and by September 5 they were able to lead Ameralik Fjord after facing intense struggles with storms and cold. At the settlement of Godthab of the arctic, Nansen was able to study the way of life of the Eskimo. Nansen returned home in May 1889. In 1890 Nansen persuade the Norwegian Geographical Society of the fact that the ice of the polar sea drifted from Siberia toward Spitsbergen. Spitsbergen is the largest island in the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard which is only 600 miles from the North Pole.To prove his theory, he proposed to build a ship of such a shape that it would be lifted but not crushed when caught by the ice. He proposed to let this ship freeze in off eastern Siberia in order to be carried from there across the Arctic Ocean to S pitsbergen by the currents. This kind of plan was considered hazardous but the Norwegian Parliament granted two-thirds of the estimated expenses of the expedition and the other financial needs was given by King Oscar II and other private individuals. The ship was called Fram and it sailed from Oslo on June 24, 1893.After enduring bitter winter cold in the arctic regions, Nansen and his crew left Fram freezing in ice On March 14, 1895. Nansen and his companions then continued on northward by riding sleds and stayed on the northern island of Frederick Jackson, named after a British Arctic explorer, from August 26, 1895 to May 19, 1896. Luckily on their way to Spitsbergen they encountered Frederick Jackson and his party of the Jackson-Harmsworth expedition and they sailed back to Norway aboard Jacksons ship windward on June 17 1896 and waited for the Fram in Spitsbergen.True to his theory, the Fram drifted to Spitsbergen. Nansen and his crew then sailed to Oslo aboard the Fram and was met with warm welcome on September 9, 1896(Nansen 1). Upon his return, Nansen became a professor of zoology and in 1887 he submitted a paper authorize The Structure and Combination of Histological Elements of the Central Nervous System that earned him a degree of doctor of Philosophy in University of Oslo. Nansen was also interested in physical geography and he helped established the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.As a true scientist, Nansen reported scientific studies with regards to his expeditions. During 1900 to 1914 Nansen was able to make sea explorations of the Norwegian Sea, Azores Sea and Barents and Kara Sea of the arctic. Due to these sea explorations he was able to improve the instruments used for oceanography and he discovered how deep and bottom water are formed (Nansen 2). Later in his life, Nansen became interested in politics and in1905 he participated in a lively discussion regarding the separation of Norway from Sweden.He believed that Norwa y should not be restrained in exercising its political and economic freedom. When Norway was granted independence he was appointed Minister of London and in 1917 during World War I he was appointed as head of Norwegian Commission to the United States wherein he successfully convinced US to allow Norway to import supplies for the war. And when the League of Nations was created in 1920 Nansen was chosen to head the Norwegian delegation. League of Nations then appointed Nansen to bring home an approximately 500,000 the prisoners of war from Russia.Although USSR did not recognize the League of Nations, Nansen was able to conduct e with them personally and in September 1922, 427, 886 prisoners of war from German and Autro-Hungarian armies were safely brought back to their respective countries. In August 1921 Nansen was asked by the International Committee of the inflamed Cross to head a campaign in bringing aid to the famine-stricken Russia. On August 27, Nansen successfully opened a r elief headquarter in capital of the Russian Federation which he called International Russian Relief Executive.The League of Nations turned down his request for financial assistance but Nansen, undaunted, was able to raise the inevitable funds from private organizations. Due to his humanitarian achievements, an international agreement was signed in Geneva introducing the identification card for displaced persons known as the Nansen passport on July 5,1922. Later in 1931, after his death, the Nansen International Office for Refugees was created in Geneva which had become a safe haven for Jews when World War II stony-broke out. In 1922 Nansen was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.The Nansen International Office for Refugees, on the other hand, won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1938 (Nansen 3). Nansen dedicated his life in the furtherance of humanity. whole caboodle citedComptons Encyclopedia, vol. 17. USA Comptons Learning Company, 1995. Halsey, William. Colliers Encyclopedia, vol. 18 . New York Macmillan Educational Company, 1990. Lundestad, Geir. 15 March 2001. The Nobel Peace Prize, 1901-2000. Nobel Prize. 13 August 2007. http//nobelprize. org/nobel_prizes/peace/articles/lundestad- Review/index. html Nansen, Fridtjof. Encyclop? dia Britannica. 2007. Encyclop?dia Britannica Online. 15 August 2007 http//www. britannica. com/eb/article-9054786 Off the Beaten Path June 10, 2004. Virtual Tourist. 12 August 2007. http//www. virtualtourist. com/travel/Europe/Norway/Oslo_Region/Oslo-214570/ Off_the_Beaten_Path-Oslo-BR-1. html Oslo City Insider. 1999-2006. Marriot. 12 August 2007. http//www. marriot. com/city-guide/city-verview. mi? cityID=97guideType=history Oslo, Norway. 2006. Bradmans Europe. 12 August 2007. http//bradmans. com/europe/oslo/background Oslo. The New Encyclopedia Britannica, vol. 24. 5th ed. USA Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. , 1991.