Saturday, May 23, 2020
While pirates and their ships have taken on mythic status, a pirate ship was an organization much like any other business. Each crew member had a specific role to play and a set of duties to perform that went with it. Life on a pirate ship was much less strict and regimented than it would have been aboard a Royal Navy ship or merchant vessel of the time, however, everyone was expected to do their jobs. As with any other ship, there was a command structure and hierarchy of roles. The better-run and organized the pirate ship, the more successful it was. Ships that lacked discipline or suffered poor leadership generally didnÃ¢â¬â¢t last very long. The following list of standard positions aboard a pirate ship is a whos who and whats what of buccaneers and their shipboard duties. The Captain Hulton Archive/Stringer/Getty Images Unlike the Royal Navy or merchant service, in which the captain was a man with a great deal of nautical experience and complete authority, a pirate captain was elected by the crew, and his power was only absolute in the heat of battle or when giving chase. At other times, the captains wishes could be overruled by a simple majority vote. Pirates tended to prefer their captains to be even-tempered and neither too aggressive or too meek. A good captain had to be able to judge when a potential ship could outman them, as well as know which quarry would be easy pickings. Some captains, such as Blackbeard or Black Bart Roberts, had great charisma and easily recruited new pirates to their cause. Captain William Kidd was most famous for being caught and executed for his piracy. Navigator It was hard to find a good navigator during the Golden Age of Piracy. Trained navigators were able to use the stars to determine a ships latitude and therefore could sail from east to west with reasonable ease. Figuring out longitude, however, was much harder, so sailing north to south involved a lot of guesswork. Since pirate ships often ranged far and wide in search of their prizes, sound navigation was crucial. (For example, Ã¢â¬Å"Black BartÃ¢â¬ Roberts worked much of the Atlantic Ocean, from the Caribbean to Brazil to Africa.) If there was a skilled navigator aboard a prize ship, pirates would often kidnap him and force him to join their crew. Sailing charts were also considered extremely valuable and were confiscated as booty. Quartermaster After the captain, the quartermaster had the most authority aboard ship. He was in charge of seeing that the captainÃ¢â¬â¢s orders were carried out and handled the day-to-day operations of the ship. When there was plunder, the quartermaster divided it up among the crew according to the number of shares each man received as his due. The quartermaster was also in charge of discipline with regard to minor matters such as fighting or casual derelictions of duty. (More severe offenses went before a pirate tribunal.) Quartermasters often inflicted punishments such as floggings. The quartermaster also boarded prize vessels and determined what to take and what to leave behind. Generally, the quartermaster received a double share, the same as the captain. Boatswain The boatswain, or bosun, was in charge of keeping the ship in shape for travel and battle, looking after the wood, canvas, and ropes that were vital to swift and safe sailing. The bosun often led shore parties to restock supplies or find material for repairs when needed. He oversaw activities such as dropping and weighing the anchor, setting the sails, and making sure the deck was swabbed. An experienced boatswain was a very valuable man who often got a share-and-a-half of loot. Cooper Since wooden barrels were the best way to store food, water, and other necessities of life at sea, they were considered extremely important, so every ship needed a cooperÃ¢â¬âa man skilled in making and maintaining barrels. (If your last name is Cooper, somewhere far back in your family tree, there was probably a barrel maker.) Existing storage barrels had to be regularly inspected to ensure they were sound. Empty barrels were dismantled to make space in limited cargo areas. The cooper would reassemble them as needed should the ship stop to take on food, water or other stores. Carpenter The carpenter, who generally answered to the boatswain, was in charge of ensuring the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s structural integrity. He was tasked with fixing holes after combat, making repairs after a storm, keeping the masts and yardarms sound and functional, and knowing when the ship needed to be beached for maintenance or repairs. As pirates usually could not use official dry docks in ports, ships carpenters had to make do with what was at hand. They would often have to make repairs on a deserted island or stretch of beach, using only what they could scavenge or cannibalize from other parts of the ship. ShipÃ¢â¬â¢s carpenters often doubled as surgeons, sawing off limbs that were wounded in battle. Doctor or Surgeon Most pirate ships preferred to have a doctor aboard when one was available. Trained doctors were hard to find, and when ships had to go without one, often times a veteran sailor would serve in their stead. Pirates frequently foughtÃ¢â¬âwith their victims and with one anotherÃ¢â¬âand serious injuries were common. Pirates also suffered from a variety of other ailments, including venereal diseases, such as syphilis and tropical illnesses like malaria. They were also vulnerable to scurvy, an illness caused by a Vitamin C deficiency that most often occurred when a ship was too long at sea and ran out of fresh fruit. Medicines were worth their weight in gold. In fact, when Blackbeard blockaded the port of Charleston, the only thing he asked for was a large chest of medicines. Master Gunner Firing a cannon was an extremely complicated and dangerous procedure when pirates sailed the seas. Everything had to be just soÃ¢â¬âthe placement of the shot, the correct amount of powder, the fuse, and the working parts of the cannon itselfÃ¢â¬âor the results could be disastrous. On top of that, you had to aim the thing, which could weigh in the neighborhood of 1,600 pounds. A skilled gunner was a very valuable part of any pirate crew. They were usually trained by the Royal Navy and had worked their way up from being powder-monkeysÃ¢â¬âthe young boys who ran back and forth carrying gunpowder to the cannons during battles. Master Gunners were in charge of all of the cannons, the gunpowder, the shot, and everything else that had to do with keeping the cannons in working order. Musicians Musicians were popular onboard pirate ships because piracy was a tedious life. Ships spent weeks at sea waiting to find suitable prizes to plunder. Musicians helped pass the time and having skill with a musical instrument brought with it certain privileges, such as playing while the others were working or even increased shares. Musicians were often forcibly taken from ships pirates attacked. On one occasion, when pirates raided a farm in Scotland, they left behind two young womenÃ¢â¬âand brought a piper back instead.
Monday, May 18, 2020
IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATIONAL TOUR TO THE STUDENTS OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN TOURISM MANAGEMENT IN BATAAN PENINSULA STATE UNIVERSITY MAIN CAMPUS 2012-2013 ______________________________ An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to the College of Arts and Sciences Bataan Peninsula State University ______________________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Tourism Management ______________________________ by Aldrin Gerald R. Galiste October 2012 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Above all I would like to thank God for making me strong as I make this thesis, for making me alive and stable during midnight and for giving me the knowledge and ability to do this. Next is to our dean Dr. FelicisimaÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦PART I. Personal Information Directions: Put a check (Ã¢ËÅ¡) to your corresponding answer. Only one (1) answer per question is allowed. Name (Optional): ________________________________________________________ Age: _________ Sex: _____ Male Civil Status: ______ Single _____ Female ______ Married Year Level: ______ 1st ______ 2nd ______ 3rd ______ 4th PART II. Directions: Put a check (Ã¢ËÅ¡) to your corresponding answer. Only one (1) answer per question is allowed. 1. Do you think educational tours are needed for a tourism student or it is just a waste of time and money? _____ yes _____ not needed 2. Do you think educational tours will help a lot in the future of the tourism students? _____ yes _____ no 3. Is there a distinction in joining the tour or not? _____ there is _____ there is no 4. Do you think it will be a big loss in your life if you did not join any of the educational tours? ____ yes ____ no 5. Do you think there will be a big advantage for you if you will join on these tours? _____ yes _____ no Aldrin Gerald R. Galiste Campsite Tenejero, Balanga City, Bataan @Aldrin_yatzki@yahoo.com Contact: 09461609165Show MoreRelatedThe Toursim Industry in South Africa1800 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe tourism industry is a vast growing trade that in recent years has seen a significant increase in its contribution to the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of various respective countries. South Africa is one of the countries that have witnessed tremendous growth in its tourism industry.As much as such development is a very welcomed phenomenon for any country, growth and development is limited by a number of constraints. Of importance to this particular study is the issue of seasonality in the tourismRead MoreFood Heritage Of Ancient And Contemporary Egypt With Particular Emphasis On Meat Products Essay1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescontemporary Egypt, particularly food heritage issues. Furthermore, each country has become more determined to defend and safeguard their cultural food as a heritage, for ming the core identity of the country. For example, Singapore promotes gastronomic tourism and insistently proclaims that some of the common Chinese, Indian and Malay foods as their iconic dishes and heritage. In addition, there are some studies on Food Heritage in Italy, Finland and Switzerland. However, food heritage of ancient and contemporaryRead MoreThe Lack Of Environmental Concern In Indonesia1081 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages3 The Lack of Environmental Concern under IndonesiaÃ¢â¬â¢s Investment Agreements The presences of FDI on tourism in Indonesia, in particular, foreign hotels are not only covered under the GATS, but also international investment agreements. The role of the latter has been increasingly significant as Indonesia has concluded agreements, covering tourism. 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Tuesday, May 12, 2020
LRRK2 Kinase activity of mutant LRRK2 has been shown to mediate neuronal toxicity and cell death in PD (Smith et al., 2006). The BRAF kinase which is believed to cause a significant proportion of melanoma is similar to the kinase domain of LRRK2, which is known to drive a significant proportion of malignant melanoma (Bishop et al., 2009; Flaherty et al., 2010; Flemming et al., 2010; Paisan Ruiz et al., 2010; Shen J et al., 2004), implying that there could be functional analogies between the activation of the BRAF kinase in melanoma and activation of LRRK2 kinase in PD-associated neurodegeneration (Paisn-Ruiz et al., 2010) DJ-1 DJ-1 was initially identified as an oncogene. It has been reported that mutations in DJ1 causes familial PD. DJ-1Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is expressed in melanoma cell lines, and is involved in melanocyte survival by detoxification of the intermediates formed as a result of melanogenesis (Harteneck et al., 2005; Iuga et al., 2007; McNeill MS et al., 2007 ). The heterozygous variant of TRPM7 has been found in some PD patients with dementia and some Guamanian patients (Hermosura et al., 2007). Inhibition of melanin synthesis prevents melanophore cell death in TRPM7 mutants therefore providing a possible clue that can explain the increased risk of PD and ALS in melanoma patients (Bertoni JM et al., 2010) Tumor suppressor gene p53 The tumor suppressor gene p53 plays an important role in human neurodegenerative disorders such as PD. Therefore chemical inhibitors of that activate p53 may be effective in suppressing the neurodegenerative process in PD (Stretch et al., 1991). Loss of p53 function, that has been identified in a variety of human tumor types such as melanoma (Duan W et al, 2002). Therefore it is possible that the risk for PD might be
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Globalisation is a multifaceted concept including political, economic and social elements. It refers to to the connectedness at continental distances through the flow of people, information, capital and goods (Clark 2000, as cited in Potrafke 2015: 510). It is also linked to universalising markets and production, technological innovation, privatisation of state agencies, trans-national organisations and spread of common culture (Urzua 2000: 421). Wood (2006: 29) stated that globalisation is not a new phenomenon and that the potential effects, both positive and negative, where somewhat predicted by Marx and Engels. They expressed concepts such as rapid change and uncertainty, integrated global supply chains and spread of common cultures across all nations, which is remarkably similar to the world we live today. According to Johnson (2002: 428) five developments have had a major role in making globalisation both possible and effective. This was not the case prior to the 16th century, where there was not much movement of goods or ideas between the continents. These developments were increase in scientific knowledge, faster and cheaper transportation as well as communication (telegraph, telephone, radio, television, internet), growth of income and reduction of barriers to trade. Osland (2003: 137-154) in his literature review examined the advantages and disadvantages of globalisation. He identified both winners and losers of globalisation by examining empirical evidence of itsShow MoreRelatedEssay Creating a Better Future Through Globalization1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe term Ã¢â¬Å"globalizationÃ¢â¬ was known in the common vocabulary in the 1980. It is used to describe the increased movement of people, knowledge, goods, and money across national borders. It has led to increased interconnectedness among the worlds populations, economically, politically, socially and culturally (T. L. Friedman 6-14) . Even though globalization often is thought of in economic terms, this process has many social and political implications as well. The globalization of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world throughRead MoreNo Cringe At The Third World Thought Of Arranged Marriages1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesat the third world thought of arranged marriage. However, Ji Hyun LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s article in The New York Times titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Modern Lessons From Arranged MarriagesÃ¢â¬ , begins to raise questions concerning how lessons from this culturally unique phenomenon may be able to aid in non-arranged marriages in the United States with the help of experts. Michael J. Rosenfeld, associate sociology professor at Stanford University claims, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think love marriage and arranged marriage are as different as we make them outRead MoreAnalyze Globalizations Impact on Singapores Development.1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesneeds of the people, with the recent Human Development Index (HDI) which measures overall well-being of the people. So, with the recent phenomenon of globalization becoming ever more widespread in our society today, there is no doubt that it has impacts, both positive and negative, on the development of Singapore as a country these past few years. Globalization, broadly speaking, refers to the integration of economies and societies through cross country flows of information, ideas, technologies,Read MoreDr. Finely s Views On Educational Globalization1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesExchange Foundation based in Nanjing, China. The purpose of the interview was to discuss Dr. Finely s professional views on educational globalization and the changes taking place in classrooms around the world. In this paper, Dr. FinelyÃ¢â¬â¢s responses related to globalization will be analyzed to ascertain if he regards the phenomenon of educational globalization as a positive or negative development. Dr. Finely touched on various topics such as mobility, cultural awareness, adequate cultural preparationRead MoreGlobalization Is A Process Of Interaction And Integration Among The People, Economics And Government Of Different Countries1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, economics and government of different nationalities. Globalization is not new, over thousands of years; globalization has progressed through travel, migration and the spread of culture. Globalization has many effects on the world today. Globalization has an overwhelmingly positive impact to most countries in terms of economy, political and cultural. Economic globalization is a worldwide phenomenon where countries economicRead MoreGlobalization Is Not Single But Plural1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen you break down globalization of culture each part of this phase can be defined in a various ways. 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To fully understand the situation of Ghana, we must look at the meaning of globalization and what it represents to Ghana andRead MoreGlobalization Is The Buzzword Of Today1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGlobalization is the buzzword of today. The economies of the world are being increasingly integrated. Mobile phones and Internet have brought people closer. The world is becoming a smaller place. Goods, which were once confined to western countries, are available across the globe. Work can be outsourced to any part of the world that has an Internet connection. Because of improvements in traffic infrastructure one is able to reach one s destination in a relatively short span of time. GlobalizationRead MoreGlobalization Has Changed The Economic Condition Of A Country Or The Lives Of People995 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGlobalization is a communication and connection between person-to-person, local-to-local and nation-to-nation to preserve and develop trade, technology, education, and etc. There are a couple aspects of globalization to count on, but this essay will be focusing on one specific dimension of globalization. Mostly, this essay will examine economic aspect of globalization as well as it will conduct a research: how globalization has changed the economic condition of a country or the lives of people. MoreoverRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Going Ashore By Jumpha Lahiri1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesat the third world thought of arranged marriage. However, Ji Hyun LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s article in The New York Times titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Modern Lessons From Arranged MarriagesÃ¢â¬ , begins to raise questions concerning how lessons from this cu lturally unique phenomenon may be able to aid in non-arranged marriages in the United States with the help of experts. Michael J. Rosenfeld, associate sociology professor at Stanford University claims, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think love marriage and arranged marriage are as different as we make them out
Differentiated Instructional demand of pupils makes it imperative for a instructor to be after out her direction in little groups and separate reading Centres to give pupils ample pattern. Teachers form little flexible groups of pupils. meeting twice or thrice a hebdomad for a specific clip. We will write a custom essay sample on Enhanced Reading Instructions Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now The instructor draws up similar structureÃ¢â¬ to bring forth thoughts. stimulate thought. do programs and make a desireÃ¢â¬ . ( Cited in Steering authorship and Observing Reading. p. 385 ) . TeachersÃ¢â¬ find more chance to utilize their cognition and accomplishments more to the full and effectivelyÃ¢â¬ . ( cited in Making Instructional Decisions. p. 461 ) . Ã¢â¬Å"Many usage alternate schemes in order to run into the particular demand of the studentsÃ¢â¬ ( Modifying Lessons. p. 461 ) Alternative lesson structures recommends the usage of at least two types of lesson constructions. One Guided Reading and the other Skill Focused Lessons. It follows a form where the text is selected. introduced. read and discussed. In a Teacher- led- Centre. Ã¢â¬Å"the option most favored today. Centre on incorporate course of study. an attempt to link the linguistic communication humanistic disciplines with other capable countries. frequently through subjects. Integration is encouraged across all capable countries. including math Ã¢â¬Å" . ( Basal Readers and Instructional Materials. Chp13. p. 0 ) Ã¢â¬Å"Skill development and pattern activities are frequently interspersed with originative enrichment thoughts in the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s usher. Ã¢â¬ ( Chp13. p. 460 ) Students who need focused acquisition to go fluid and accurate in their use. Skill Focused Lessons are planned out by a instructor. like Ã¢â¬ writing. speaking. . . brainstormingÃ¢â¬ ¦ function playing. doodling. pulling. cartooning. jotting ain thoughts. taking notes. interviewing and even organizing mental images through visual image and in writing organisers. Ã¢â¬ ( Steering Writing and Observing Reading p. 385 ) . Thus guidelines are set. which help heighten effectual reading composing in a schoolroom. Mention hypertext transfer protocol: //www. fcrr. org/assessment/pdf/smallgroupalternativelessonstructures. pdf How to cite Enhanced Reading Instructions Essay, Essay examples
Mike is a manufacturing manager at Auto Safety Products, which is a firm in the Midwest that designs and produces automobile seat belts and infant and child safety seats. Jill is a design engineer for the same firm. Top management at their work instituted concurrent engineering, a team-based system that integrates manufacturing and design processes. Concurrent engineering is intended to eliminate the problems that often occur in industry when designers are unaware of the needs of manufacturing. Through concurrent engineering, management hoped to improve attention to all elements of the product life cycle and manufacture a quality, low-cost product that will meet user needs. The company was also hoping to decrease the amount of time it takes to move from initial conceptual design to actual production. Both Mike and Jill are on the team working on toddler booster seats. This is an important product for Auto Safety Products, as research has indicated that parents do not use safety seats once children reach toddler age. The reason for this is because they are difficult to use in cars and uncomfortable for the children. Thus the team at Auto Safety Products worked to make the seats easier for parents to use by making them more comfortable, more portable, and more compatible with a range of automobiles from small sports cars to sedans to minivans to SUVs. Mike is 55-years-old and has worked in manufacturing for most of his life. He has spent the past 22 years working at Auto Safety Products. Mike has always felt some animosity toward the design side of the firm. He found the engineers unwilling to listen to the problems faced in manufacturing. He often complained that the design department generates projects that run into all sorts of problems once they hit manufacturing. He approached the new concurrent engineering program at his work. Jill is 25-years-old and is a mechanical engineer who has been with Auto Safety Products since her college graduation. Jill is assertive and strong-minded; she believes she has to be effective in the male-dominated world of engineering. She learned about the concurrent engineering concept when she was in school and she believes it can greatly improve the effectiveness of design and manufacturing. Unfortunately, it has not worked at Auto Safety Products. The manufacturing side has not really bought into the process, and management did not take the time to introduce the team management system properly and train people to work together. Jill has a hard time with Mike Garcia, who is the lead manufacturing representative on her team. Jill and Mike had to work together frequently on a booster seat design in a variety of vans. Their inability to work together has gotten so bad that their supervisor had to set up a meeting to help them deal with the problem. Adam Shapiro is the project supervisor at Auto Safety Products. He oversaw the booster seat project team that Mike and Jill worked on. Adam knows the two of them have not hit it off on the concurrent engineering team and had decided that the conflict had gotten to the point where he must step in and help them settle it. He brought them in individually and asked them about the problem and what the problem was. Jill was the first person Adam talked to. According to Jill the problem is that Mike would not listen to her ideas and downplays the contributions that design can make to concurrent engineering. On the other hand she sees design as the most important part of the concurrent engineering process. Jill suspects that Mike has problems with her because she is young and a woman, and this has made her push even harder for her point of view on project disagreements. After Jill discussed the problem with Adam, Mike was the next person to discuss the problem with Adam. Mike thinks the concurrent engineering system and the booster seat team in particular is a joke. He says that the design engineers are still trying to push their ideas down the manufacturingÃ¢â¬â¢s throat and heÃ¢â¬â¢s tired of it. Also Mike would like to go back to doing things the old way. However, if he is forced to continue with the concurrent engineering system, he refuses to give in to every one of JillÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas. Case Analysis Questions 1a. What kind of predispositions are Mike and Jill taking into this conflict situation? Mike believes that engineers are Ã¢â¬Å"uppityÃ¢â¬ and unwilling to listen to the problems dealing with manufacturing. As a female engineer Jill feels as though she needs to be effective in the male-dominated world of engineering 1b. How might these predispositions influence the way the frame the conflict and the way they approach each other? These predispositions are definitely negatively influencing the way Mike and Jill approach each other. Obviously they are going to automatically approach each other negatively because of their opinions. 2a. If Mike and Jill were to attempt to deal with this conflict on their own, what conflict style would you recommend? If Mike and Jill were to attempt to deal with this conflict on their own I would recommend that they use the compromising conflict style. Compromising will allow you to achieve both of your goals, resulting in a Ã¢â¬Å"win-winÃ¢â¬ situation instead of a Ã¢â¬Å"win-loseÃ¢â¬ situation. 2b. Given what you know about Jill and Mike, do you think they would use an effective conflict resolution style? No, because when the problem first arose they had a hard time coming to a common ground resolution. I believe if it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t for Adam they would have never resolved the problem. 3a. If you were Adam, how would you approach this conflict? If I was Adam, I would sit them both down together and have them write down the benefits that each of them bring to the company. b. What strategies should you use to help Mike and Jill deal with their ongoing problems? A strategy that I l would use is integrative bargaining. In integrative bargaining, the conflicting parties are trying to maximize gains for both parties (Miller, 2012). The bargainers discuss issues that could lead to a more creative solution to the problem at hand. Ou tcomes of integrative bargaining are often solution that allow both parties to benefit, and communication tends to be marked by open disclosure, careful listening and multiple communication channels. I believe this is the perfect strategy to use because with both Mike and Jill having problems with each other and the way they do things, if Adam uses this strategy I think you would solve problems for both people. 3c. Would you consider bringing in a mediator to help them work through their issues? I think there should be a mediator in the meeting as well, just in case things would get intense and they could not come up with a fair compromise. 4a. How would a feminist approach to conflict see this situation? They would see this situation that Mike is wrong and Jill is right. They would see it this way because a feminist approach would say that men donÃ¢â¬â¢t listen to women and they donÃ¢â¬â¢t take them as serious as other men especially in the workforce. 4b. Is it possible to use an alternative model that would recast this situation in a more productive frame? No because I think Adam handled this situation the right way by bringing Mike and Jill in and have them discuss the problem. This way is more productive because they can express themselves without knowing what the other person said. You can cover more ground by one-on-one problem solving. Effective Student Teams: A Faux Hiring and Peer Evaluation Process Student team projects provide benefits to the education process and provide experience that is valued by some employers. But team projects can be a source of conflict. Due to free-riding, scheduling problems and differing goals, there are fertile grounds for team conflicts. Therefore, there needs to be a better method of forming teams and a process to assure shared goals by team members (Lane 2011). The author Michelle Lane discussed the Faux Hiring Team Selection Process. In this process there are six steps to form and select a team. Step one is the selection of interviewers. Step two is posting intervieweeÃ¢â¬â¢s applications for review by classmates and interviewers. The third step is to hold a Ã¢â¬Å"Job FairÃ¢â¬ where a faux interview process occurs. The fourth step is the selection of personal top choices by both interviewers and interviewees. The next step is the instructor team assignment. Finally the forming and the signing of the team contract is the last step. Results In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the faux hiring process, two classes of 40 students each were studied in the fall semester 2009. Independent T-Tests showed no statistical difference between the two classes in terms of age and GPA. In the first class the teams were assigned randomly by the instructor and in the second class the job fair approach was used. The teams were used for two projects that took place over the semester. One project involved the use of the CAPSIM simulation. The second project was a business study requiring research, an interview and a class presentation of their findings. Each project was worth 20% of their course grade. (Lane 2011) The effectiveness of the faux hiring team assignment was assessed in two ways. The first way was the total team points earned from the simulation and the business projects were compared using a t-test of mean group differences. The results were significant with the faux hiring teams scoring higher than the randomly assigned teams. The second assessment was at the end of the semester, students were asked to fill out an anonymous online survey about their team experience. There were 43 respondents to this survey. 19 were from the instructor assigned teams and the remaining 24 were from the faux hiring teams. The results show that the faux hiring teams had stronger scores on shared goals, and had fewer conflicts. This article relates to our case study because it is an example of a way to prevent teamwork problems. This article basically says to go through an interview process to find a good team that has common goals and would get along to avoid conflicts. Whereas the case study does not use a process like this and Mike and Jill have a problem and are unable to resolve it. What is Expected from Supervisors This article was about how the past 10 years that team members enter the workforce as well as management or leadership emphasis influences different images of supervisors. There were certain features of management discussion during the past decades that are used as instruments in addressing the contributing research question: What is still expected from management and leadership? Liisa Huusko found that team member who are not the same age have different images of supervisors. Thus they wait partly for different actions within team organization. Human Resource Management issues seem to be included in supervisorsÃ¢â¬â¢ duties in every decade. For example, encouraging and career-development matters do not appear until the 1980s. Furthermore, different kinds of computer-aided control systems are not able to respond to quick changes and uncommon situations relating to everyday duties. The image of supervisors that workers take for granted must be taken into consideration during the changes and shifts between responsible actors. This article relates to our case study because it shows that age does have an effect on teamwork. Age makes a difference because the older people want to do it the way they have been used to all their life and not want to change with younger generation as well as the technology that is changing. Some older generation refuse to update their technology and it is having an effect with teamwork. Finally, this goes with the case study because this article presents a male-female problem, where the male refuses to listen to the femaleÃ¢â¬â¢s idea. NBA Lockout: Can Both Sides Agree on Basketball-Related Income? I obtained this article from the Los Angeles Times Newspaper. The article was written and published on October 28, 2011. It talks about the National Basketball Association (NBA) lockout and how the players union and the owners are struggling to agree on terms for salary cap and other issues. This is an example of teamwork and the problems with teamwork. For example, the NBA deputy commissioner Adam Silver and Spurs owner Peter Hold said the players union offered a decrease from 53% to 52. 5% but wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t discuss anything further if owners wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t offer more than 50% (Medina, 2011). With the two sides going back and forth and unable to come up with a number they could agree they have brought in a mediator to help with negotiations. But even with the mediator the two sides still have not agree on terms. Thus, the NBA season is in jeopardy. NBA Commissioner David Stern has already cancelled all games through November.
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Importance of Reforms Tourism Industry. Answer: Introduction The common definition of tourism is the summation of the trips made by the countrys residents domestically or externally which does not involve immigration management. The purpose for such trips is for business, recreation, health, or study purposes. Tourism in Australia has undergone a series of development for the last decade (Pc.gov.au, 2015); the various stakeholders have implemented many reforms while others are underway. In this paper, we shall find out that there are set goals in which the tourism industry is set to meet after a certain number of years. For instance there is the tourism 2020 vision set by the Australian government. This paper will be relevant to the various stakeholders as it will make them develop a sense of implementing more reforms. Sydney is an Australian global city with facilities best-known in the world, top-class cultural institutions, new exhibition Centre and international conventions (Sherry, 2015). Its parks and beaches are fantastic in addition to its wonderful climate. Australia is growing to be a nation where many visitors want to visit and stay. The following analysis is on an article known as Australias tourism industry needs innovation and big ideas to continue to grow written by Ann Sherry in October 2015. She noted that Australia has been depended for many years on the resource sector to be the major source of wealth and driver for its economic growth. However, there developed worries in the economy as this sector started weakening. This weakening was interpreted as an end to the resource boom. During this period, only a few people had noted the rising importance of the tourism sector as an importance source of income; this sector had a great potential for growth (Aird, 2017). When compared to the mining sector, the number of people employed in tourism industry was higher. In 2013-14, the number of people directly employed in the tourism industry were more than twice those employed in the mining sector; the mining sector employed under 270,000 whereas the tourism sector employed over 530,000 persons. This sector was renowned for experiencing super growth and was projected to add a great value to the Australian economy. This value was forecasted to be over $250 billion over the next twenty years. According to Angliss (2015) many people benefit directly; those who dont enjoys the indirect growth of the economy attributed to increased tourism spending. Even compared to coal which is a major export for Australia, the tourism sectors value is still higher; whereas coal generated $16.5 by the end of May 2015 compared to the $17 billion from the tourism industry. The number of businesses supported by the visitor economy is over 90,000 and the corresponding number of direct jobs are over 150,000. The trend is showing that there has been growth in the number of tourists flowing to Australia. The contribution of tourism management and visitor economy to the Australian GDP is over $11 billion. The most important reform implemented by the NSW Government on this sector is that of development of infrastructure that makes navigation in Australia easy and vibrancy. This has seen much development in the visitor economy (OECD, 2011). Sherry noted that there is more that need to be done to promote this industry if the tourism 2020 goal is to be achieved; according to Tourism.australia.com (2017), the goal is to double the overnight spending by the visitors. From 1997 to 2015, the share of Australian tourism to its GDP has fell as observed above. This behavior is also observed in the share of employment from tourism. However, from 2012 onwards, the percentage is observed to rise for both share to GDP and share of employment. This is has resulted from the reforms implemented towards developing this tourism industry. Recommendation The stakeholders and other policy makers are supposed to introduce various reforms as this is driving economic growth management. The government spending should be increased in this sector as it is becoming a major source of economic growth. Supporting the growth of the tourism sector will also help in solving some other challenges facing the Australian economy such as high rate of unemployment. The government should consider this as an important investment for growth and ensure that the tourism potential is exploited to the maximum point. The tourist destination sites should be maintained at good condition so as to make them more attractive to the tourists. Conclusion With the development on the tourism sector, this sector can be a great source of Australian economic growth in the future. The reforms implemented earlier has led to increase revenue generation and thus an indicator for improved performance with additional reforms. This sectors potential for growth is very high. The regulation policies on tourism business and its increased spending is the most crucial driver of its development. The Tourism 2020 goal will be achieved only through increased investment towards developing this industry. References Aird, H. (2017). Push to update Tasmania's 'outdated' parks and reserve legislation. [Online] ABC News. Available at: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-01-28/tasmanian-tourism-wants-national-parks-act-updated/8219790 [Accessed 19 Aug. 2017]. Angliss, W. (2015). How Australias flourishing tourism industry impacts everyone. [Online] William Angliss Institute. Available at: https://www.angliss.edu.au/news/232-how-australia-s-flourishing-tourism-industry-impacts-everyone [Accessed 19 Aug. 2017]. Hehir, G. (2017). Strengthening Australias Tourism Industry. [Online] Anao.gov.au. Available at: https://www.anao.gov.au/work/performance-audit/strengthening-australias-tourism-industry [Accessed 20 Aug. 2017]. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2011). Italy: Review of issues and policies. Paris: OECD. Pc.gov.au. (2015). Australia's international tourism industry - what role should government play? [Online] Available at: https://www.pc.gov.au/news-media/pc-news/previous-editions/pc-news-may-2015/australia-international-tourism-industry [Accessed 19 Aug. 2017]. Sherry, A. (2015). Australias tourism industry needs innovation and big ideas to continue to grow. [Online] Dailytelegraph.com.au. Available at: https://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/nsw/australias-tourism-industry-needs-innovation-and-big-ideas-to-continue-to-grow/news-story/53078ef6405ad0c433612722c6fdbde7 [Accessed 19 Aug. 2017]. Tourism.australia.com. (2017). Tourism 2020. [Online] Available at: https://www.tourism.australia.com/en/about/our-organisation/our-performance-and-reporting/tourism-2020.html [Accessed 19 Aug. 2017]. Tradingeconomics.com. (2017). Australia Tourist Arrivals. [Online] Tradingeconomics.com. Available at: https://tradingeconomics.com/australia/tourist-arrivals [Accessed 19 Aug. 2017].