Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Life Expectancy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Life Expectancy - Essay ExampleStatistics reveal that heart presentiment at birth, presently, has increased so much that on an average, it exceeds 79 years across the OECD, with a nine year gap between Japan and Turkey, the countries with highest and lowest life expectancy respectively (OECD, 2011, p. 78). This difference in the level of increase in life expectancy in developed and developing countries is a result of the alter factors and conditions present in both categories of countries. However, extensive studies that have been conducted over the past tense several years have identified that medical innovation, with respect to advancements in medicines and treatment, is the main reason behind increase in life expectancy in both developed and developing countries.Contrary to popular notion that growth in income level or income inequality affects life expectancy, OECD social indicators have evidenced that between the mid-80s and mid-2000s, there is no relationship between incre asing life expectancy and income growth or between rising life expectancy and income inequality changes (OECD, 2011, p. 79). Furthermore, lower infant mortality rates and the fact of older people macrocosm able to live longer have characterized the increase in life expectancy, and this has been possible only due to the various medical innovations that took place over the past decades. Thus, this underlines the fact that medical innovation is directly responsible for the increase in life expectancy not only by decreasing infant mortality rates, but also by prolonging life of aged people. For instance, death rates arising from coronary heart diseases in the US have declined by three-fourths since the 1960s, cancer survival rate has increased from 49% to 67% and deaths from HIV/AIDS have decreased by an astounding 80% (Lilly USA, LLC, 2012, p. 2). However, in order to

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